Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is an umbrella term that refers to the application of behavioral science to socially significant behaviors. ABA encompasses a variety of scientifically proven treatment methods to address all types of behaviors. This means that ABA can be used to teach new skills, as well as reduce socially inappropriate behaviors. This can be done through the use of direct therapy with the child or consultation to parents, caregivers, or school personnel. ABA can be used to teach individuals of all levels of functioning, diagnoses, and challenges. Examples of areas addressed through the use of ABA include social, play, language, academics, self-care, and self-direction. Michelle Ragozzine & Associates offers the following ABA services:
Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT)
PRT is an ABA intervention that is implemented in the child's natural environment and is proven to be effective in teaching children on the autism spectrum. PRT targets pivotal areas of development including motivation, responsivity to multiple cues, social initiations, and self-management. Doing so creates widespread improvements in communication, social, and behavioral domains. The majority of intervention provided by Michelle Ragozzine & Associates is based on PRT, however each child's program is individualized according to needs and learning profiles.
For more information on PRT, please visit http://www.autismprthelp.com
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS)
PECS is an augmentative/alternative communication system that is proven to be effective in teaching communication to children with a variety of communication, cognitive, and physical difficulties. PECS teaches children to request, comment, answer questions, and ask questions.
For more information, please visit http://www.pecsusa.com
Discrete Trial Training (DTT)
DTT involves breaking skills down into smaller units and teaching each unit systematically. DTT is useful when teaching "learning to learn" skills, such as compliance, attention, imitation, and basic cognitive concepts. When using DTT, staff at Michelle Ragozzine & Associates incorporate natural materials and reinforcers whenever possible.
ABA staff can be provided in the school setting to assist in implementation of your child's IEP and reduction of behaviors at school. Staff will work on teaching skills identified in your child's IEP in the mainstream classroom setting, as well as 1:1. Additionally, they will implement any behavior plan designed to reduce behaviors and increase learning. Michelle Ragozzine & Associates can work in public as well as private school settings.
Play Date Facilitation
ABA staff can facilitate play dates with typical peers at your home or in the community. Social and play skill targets are developed based on your child's needs. Behavioral techniques are then used to teach these social and play skills and to assist your child in using these skills when interacting with peers.
Michelle Ragozzine & Associates offers individual, family, and school consultation services. The following services are offered as consultations:
Functional Behavioral Assessments (FBAs)
A Functional Behavioral Assessment involves gathering information about behavior(s) to decrease or increase and developing a behavior plan to address the behavior(s). The focus of the FBA is to determine why the child is engaging in a maladaptive behavior (or why they are not engaging in a desired behavior) and tailor a plan specifically to address this. FBAs can be conducted in schools, homes, or the community.
School Consult Services
BCBAs are available to consult with school districts for specific students or to the program as a whole. Examples of activities completed as part of these consultations include conducting FBAs, providing staff trainings, and consulting on individual students' programs.
Our BCBAs and ABA Therapists can provide one-on-one training to parents or caregivers to help develop the skills necessary to cope with everyday behaviors of their children, as well as increase their child's skills in home and community settings. Strategies are tailored to the specific needs of the child, based on information gathered from completion of an FBA or informal assessment procedures. An essential component of parent training is assisting parents in implementing the strategies in the natural environment with their child.
Parent Management Training (PMT)
PMT is a research-supported parent training program developed by Dr. Alan Kazdin at Yale University. Parents are taught behavioral principles and are given the opportunity to practice using those principles with feedback from their therapist. PMT is provided in weekly sessions for a period of 14-20 weeks. Therapists follow a manual developed by Dr. Kazdin that covers specific behavioral principles. PMT can be used to reduce excessive behaviors in typically developing children as well as children with disabilities.
Below is a video of Dr. Alan Kazdin sharing some parenting tips at the 117th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association. For more information, please visit http://www.alankazdin.com.